SONUS – what it sounded and looked like. Recap.

bike4 copyThink Festa. Think Banging. Think Heat. Think Sunday. Think Music and Banda and Beer and Fireworks and Sweets and Festa Food. All of that.
Among the things that are special to the Festa in Żabbar, the most obvious one is the so-called Pellegrinagg, a two-wheel procession from Rabat to Żabbar. Both motorised and non-motorised bikes came from all over the island, to gather in the main square and be blessed on this Sunday morning in front of the Church. And boy, they many and noisy….

IMG_9979 IMG_3162   This year, something else very special happened. Imagine a Garage Space, with a typical Maltese garage lamp, with flaking turquoise middle07painted walls, and its dirty greasy floor. A proper garage. (Thank you to the garage-owner for letting the space! And thanks to the neighbour for providing electricity!) Tucked away just a couple of metres from the main square, this lovely garage hosted the FRAGMENTA-Edition SONUS -The Sound of Sonnets, and the Paper Memory Machine, thus being reminiscent of the Maltese ‘Wirja’ (a type of exhibition which normally coincides with religious activities).

Whilst outside, Żabbar was partying or sleeping – depending on the time of the day – inside the garage, a model of MACHINA, the Paper Memory Machine, was presented alongside a series of conceptual drawings explaining  the mechanism and function of the machine, as well as copies of traditional and contemporary

sonnets. IMG_3034

The exhibition contained 3 main elements:

1) the historical part showing old ‘Sunetti’.
2) Adrian Abela’s interaction and documentation of it with people from Żabbar to create contemporary ‘Sunetti’.
3) Model and Drawings explaining the functioning of MACHINA, the Festa-Paper Machine.

SONUS, the sound of Sonnets.  
Adrian Abela explains the historical and conceptual background of the ‘Sunetti’:
“The word ‘Sonnet’ is derived from the Latin word ‘sonus’ which means ‘sound’. The Sonnets, known as ‘Sunetti’ in Maltese, originated as printed texts containing messages which were scattered among streets as part of the village festivities. These Sonnets were thrown during the feast for the additional reason that most villagers were illiterate; therefore, these texts could be read out loud by literate persons while others gathered around to listen.
left03These poems would generally include prayers of praise to the patron saint of the town or village, except in instances where poems of spite were addressed from one village or band club to the other. Examples of such hostile messages were found to date back to the 1930s. Nowadays, the pieces of paper thrown during the festivities do not usually contain intended messages but rather “accidental” ones, due to the fact that printed paper from everyday sources is being re-used for this purpose.”

festapaper_old01  festapaper_old02  festapapers_old06 

At SONUS, photocopies of rare sonnets found at the Żabbar sanctuary museum dating back to 1910 were arranged on one of the walls. In line with this historical tradition, the artist requested the people of Żabbar to contribute their own messages.

IMG_3166Four empty books were placed in different public places for this purpose: one at the church, one at the town’s museum, and one in each of the town’s two band clubs.
Adrian Abela transcribed the contemporary messages as noted down in the books and made typographic reinterpretations of some them.

These were then printed in large amounts on yellow, green and blue paper – the colours used in the public celebrations – and were given back to the public to be scattered together with their own re-used paper during the feast of next year.

IMG_3056middledetailIMG_0028Adrian says: “It was interesting to note people’s reactions to the project and the different kinds of messages that they wrote. Some expressed care for the wellbeing of all the people of the town, some prayed solely for themselves, while others passed comments about what the festivities meant to them. Examples of the messages encountered include: ‘Kollok deheb, Kollok djamanti’ (Full of gold, full of diamonds), ‘Mulej Alla nitlob għal kull min għandu xi dwejjaq biex bʼmod jew ieħor tfarrġu, grazzi taʼ kollox sinjur Alla. ‘ (Lord God, I pray for all those who are in any way sad; may they somehow be consoled by You; thank you for everything Lord God), ‘Għinni Madonna nikseb il-paċi u l-hena/Madonna sib tifel twajjeb lil Maria/Ħarisha int Mulej/Madonna ħudilna ħsiebha. ‘(Holy Mary, help me achieve peace and contentment/Holy Mary find a good young man for Maria/Look after her Lord/Holy Mary take care of her for us),’O Alla l-aktar għoli u glorjuż /dawwal id-dlamijiet taʼ qalbna.’(Oh God most high and glorious/light up the darkness in our hearts), ‘Keep looking for the future’, ‘Xogħol, xogħol u xogħol.’ (Work, work and work), ‘Għaraq sħana u tidlik’, (Sweat, heat and stickiness).

I also made use of typography to reinterpret these contemporary sonnets. For example, ‘il-kbar’ (The best ones) was printed in large type; ‘Warrbulna ghax gejjin’ (Get out of our way because we are coming) was printed as:
‘ W a  r   r    b     u      l       n       a        għax ġejjin’.

Originally, the sonnets were decorated with meticulously hand-drawn designs before being printed. In this case, the ‘ornamentation’ was transmitted through the placing, size and spacing of the typography used related to the content of the text. The main purpose of this public intervention was to physically ‘hack’ in a positive sense the celebrations through the distribution of messages among crowds. All texts written by the public were presented as photocopies in the exhibition space on the wall next to the original handwritten books.
This intervention could serve as a pilot project for other villages to revive this almost-extinct tradition and give it a scope more relevant to our times.”

IMG_3183The Paper Memory Machine 

Five drawings representing the living soul of the feast celebrations were displayed. According to Adrian Abela, they illustrate a dissection of the actions that would be used in the mechanism of MACHINA, the paper memory machine.
IMG_0142 IMG_0144He explains:5drwas “The drawings convey a visual interpretation of the ‘living’ aspect of the feast since they relate to the act of breathing, giving life:

A) The Flags, which breathe through the wind, placed around the village indicating life;
B) The Fireworks, which explode through a reaction involving oxygen, the life-providing element that is obtained through breathing;
C) The Motion of paper falling and drifting wave-like through the air;
D) The Music created by breath passing through the brass instruments used in village bands; and
E) The Balloons filled with breath which are used in these public rituals.

These five elements were used in the model that was displayed as a conceptual interpretation of an actual machine which is to be built over the coming years.”

The model, for many the highlight of the exhibition, was constructed from brass – the same material used to produce wind instruments, also omnipresent at these Festas – and delicately placed on a plinth to be visible from the street. IMG_0307IMG_3094

Adrian explains: “The purpose of this machine is to collect feast papers from streets across the island and convert those into new (recycled) papers. The new paper therefore contains the memory of past public activities – the act of throwing, the original function of the paper before it was reused, the people participating in the festivities, the children who played with the mounds of paper, the streets of the village and the time at which all these actions took place.”

right04Ten diagrams explained the functioning and the architecture of the machine. Echoing the five elements previously described, these drawings incorporated forms and proportions derived from the aesthetic of the ‘armar’ – decorations that the villagers put up during the festivities. Adrian Abela also made use of concepts encountered in the biological function of primitive microscopic organisms, which survive through simple ingestion and excretion mechanisms, to describe how the feast paper would enter the machine and exit it as new Memory paper.


Everybody who stepped into the garage stepped into this univers, a mix of historical, conceptual and activist exhibition. Discussions evolved around the historical papers (“I did not know they were so old/ they used to contain messages…?” “They used to be on textile?”…). Discussions evolved around the participation and about the future construction of the Machine.


Some stayed for drinks outside (after all, we were at a Festa).
The sound from outside – hooting bikes, roaring cars, noisy people, criquets from the outside02summery trees, Banda music, Church bells, and of course the plethora of fireworks – provided an ideal acoustical backdrop to this exhibition.

Thank you everybody who came and supported the SONUS-Fragmenta Edition!
See you next time!

IMG_0285 viewIMG_0305IMG_0320IMG_0144left08


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